ANY TWO SOURCES THAT AGREE ON THE AMOUNT OF THE NATIONAL DEBT ARE PURELY COINCIDENTAL...no one seems to really know how
much it actually is but so what, the amounts are so large no one can possibly conceive of or understand them. Here is
all we can find out.
El Departamento del Tesoro de Estados Unidos anunciaba que
la deuda nacional asciende ya a más de 12 billones de dólares, concretamente a
12.031.299.186.290,07 dólares. Significa eso que cada norteamericano
tiene ya una deuda de casi 39.000 dólares.
Para valorar lo que significa un billón de dólares piénsese que con esa
cantidad (o sea con una doceava parte de la deuda actual de EE.UU.) se pueden
cubrir todos los gastos militares de todos los países de la OTAN. También, con
un billón de dólares se dobla el coste total del “New Deal” de Franklin Delano
Roosevelt y se multiplica por diez lo que costó el Plan Marshall, ajustando en
ambos casos la inflación. Con un billón de dólares, en fin, se podrían comprar
188.8.131.526 Cristianos Ronaldos…
Para hacernos una idea visual de lo que significa un billón de dólares,
piénsese que si pusiéramos una fila de billetes de un dólar, uno tras otro,
podríamos hacer una cadena seguida desde la tierra al sol. Como hablamos de 12
billones, se podría hacer una cadena de billetes de dólares que realizarían seis
viajes de ida y vuelta al sol.
(Nota: Un billón en español es un trillón en inglés.)
A Future of Debt
Exploding debt threatens America with 100% inflation<<
Poor’s decision to downgrade its outlookfor British sovereign debt from “stable”
to “negative” should be a wake-up call for the US Congress and administration. Let us hope they wake up.
Under President Barack Obama’s budget plan,
the federal debt is exploding. To be precise, it is rising – and will continue to rise – much faster than gross
domestic product, a measure of America’s ability to service it. The federal debt was
equivalent to 41 per cent of GDP at the end of 2008; the Congressional Budget Office projects it will increase to 82 per cent
of GDP in 10 years. With no change in policy, it could hit 100 per cent of GDP in just another five years...
...the risk posed by this debt is systemic
and could do more damage to the economy than the recent financial crisis. To understand the size of the risk, take a look
at the numbers that Standard and Poor’s considers. The deficit in 2019 is expected by the CBO to be $1,200bn (€859bn,
£754bn). Income tax revenues are expected to be about $2,000bn that year, so a permanent 60 per cent across-the-board tax
increase would be required to balance the budget. Clearly this will not and should not happen. So how else can debt service
payments be brought down as a share of GDP?
Inflation will do it. But how much? To bring
the debt-to-GDP ratio down to the same level as at the end of 2008 would take a doubling of prices. That 100 per cent increase
would make nominal GDP twice as high and thus cut the debt-to-GDP ratio in half, back to 41 from 82 per cent. A 100 per cent
increase in the price level means about 10 per cent inflation for 10 years. But it would not be that smooth – probably
more like the great inflation of the late 1960s and 1970s with boom followed by bust and recession every three or four years,
and a successively higher inflation rate after each recession.
The fact that the Federal
Reserve is now buying longer-term Treasuries in an effort to keep Treasury yields low adds credibility to this scary story,
because it suggests that the debt will be monetised. That the Fed may have a difficult task reducing its own ballooning balance
sheet to prevent inflation increases the risks considerably. And 100 per cent inflation
would, of course, mean a 100 per cent depreciation of the dollar. Americans would have to pay $2.80 for a euro; the Japanese
could buy a dollar for Y50; and gold would be $2,000 per ounce. This is not a forecast, because policy
can change; rather it is an indication of how much systemic risk the government is now creating...(Click on image below
to read this important article).
Rising Interest on Nations’ Debts May Sap World Growth
The International Monetary Fund estimates that gross U.S. debt
will reach 97.5
percent of the country's GDP in 2010, versus 72.7 percent of GDP for the United
Leap in U.S. debt hits taxpayers with 12% more red ink - TOTAL DEBT
$546,668 per household
Note: In my opinion, the only way this debt can ever be paid off is by the devaluation of the dollar...JW
The dollar weakened beyond $1.43 against the euro for the first time in
2009 on bets record U.S. borrowing will undermine the greenback, prompting nations to consider alternatives to the world’s
main reserve currency.
The euro gained for a fourth day versus the
dollar as the Russian government said emerging-market leaders may discuss the idea of a supranational currency. The pound
rose to the highest level since October and the Canadian dollar traded near an eight-month high on speculation signs of a
recovery in U.S. and U.K. housing will spur higher-yield demand.
a lot of talk out of Russia about a new global currency, and that’s contributing toward this latest bout of dollar weakness,”
said Henrik Gullberg, a currency strategist in London at Deutsche Bank AG, the world’s largest currency trader. “These latest comments
are just adding to the general dollar weakness we’ve seen recently.”
house,' says David Walker, former U.S. comptroller
general, the government's top auditor."
KEY FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS:
• Social Security. It
will grow by 1 million to 2 million beneficiaries a year from 2008 through 2032, up from 500,000 a year in the 1990s, its
actuaries say. Average benefit: $12,089 in 2008.
than 1 million a year will enroll starting in 2011 when the firstBaby
Boomerturns 65. Average 2008 benefit: $11,018.
•Retirement programs.Congress has not set aside money to pay military and civil servant pensions or health
care for retirees. These unfunded obligations have increased an average of $300 billion a year since 2003 and now stand at
US DEBT HELD BY
CHINA $ 739,600,000,000 AT JAN. 31, 2009
$ 739.6 BILLION
Over the course of fiscal year 2008, changes in economic
conditions, financial markets, and fiscal policy as well as a reduction in nonmarketable debt issuance have caused an increase
in the Government’s marketable borrowing needs. Financial market strains have impacted the real economy, and the nation
has experienced lower economic growth, lower receipts, and increased outlays. The Government has responded to the increase
in marketable borrowing requirements by increasing issuance sizes of regular bills, the frequency, terms, and issuance sizes
of cash management bills, and the issuance sizes of nominal coupon security offerings. (from notes to US Government
China foreign exchange reserves at $1.954 trillion
Apr 11, 2009 BEIJING (AP) - China's central bank said Saturday that its foreign exchange reserves
rose 16 percent year-on-year to $1.9537 trillion by the end of March. China's reserves, already the world's
largest, increased by $7.7 billion in the first quarter - $146.2 billion less than the same period last year, the People's
Bank of China said in a notice on its Web site. That rise was substantially less than
the fourth quarter increase of almost $45 billion, according to China's official Xinhua News Agency, showing the impact of
slowing exports due to the financial crisis. In March, the reserves increased by $41.7 billion, it said,
$6.7 billion more than the same period last year. Analysts believe China holds up to 70
percent of its foreign reserves in U.S. dollar-denominated assets, including Treasury securities...AP
Click for slide show
Whenever you find you
are on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect
--- Mark Twain
We have never observed
a great civilization with a population as old as the United States will have in the twenty-first century; we have never observed
a great civilization that is as secular as we are apparently going to become; and we have had only half a century of experience
with advanced welfare states...Charles Murray
This is a personal website containing personal information and some news and personal opinions on
certain issues affecting democratic governance of interest to me and my friends, associates and seminar participants. The
financial information, charts, etc., consist of items I find interesting. Draw your own conclusions from it.
Copyright Notice: In accordance with Title 17 U. S. C. Section 107,
any copyrighted work on this website is distributed under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed an
interest in receiving the included information for nonprofit research and educational purposes only. Ref.: http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html